Welcome to part two! Today we are discussing….
Many “green” products boast not containing these, but what are they exactly? These are found in all kinds of products, and are mainly used as anti-cracking agents or solvents (meaning that they are used to dissolve/break down other ingredients).The two most common phthalates present in cosmetics are ibutylphthalate (DBP) and dimethylphthalate (DMP). They are usually present in cosmetics in quantities of up to 10%. The reason phthalates are frowned upon is because in high quantities it causes birth defects and affects the reproductive systems of both males and females.
The National Toxicology program, back in 2000, conducted extensive testing on these ingredients and determined that reproductive risks in response to levels contained in cosmetics is negligible or nonexistent. This was due to the fact that the levels of phthalates in products were much too low compared to levels used to induce cancer in animals. Furthermore, levels of phthalates in products have been steadily declining ever since the year 2004, reducing chances of any negative effects becoming prominent.
Lead in my lipstick?!
Although not necessarily cancer causing, lead is disastrous when in close proximity to our bodies in large quantities. The fear mongering with lipstick was that our lips are thin an thus can readily absorb the lead contained in these cosmetics, or even worse, is ingested throughout the day.
The FDA confirms that lead is commonly found in lipstick, as it is a part of the color additives. Lead is allowed to make up only 20 parts per million in any tube of lipstick, and all the brands that were tested by the FDA, and contained this substance, were well within this limit.
Lipstick is also very minimally ingested, when you combine this with the fact that the levels of lead found in these cosmetics are extremely low…. it is safe to conclude that there are no adverse effects that can be experienced by consumers.
This is the active ingredient in deodorants and it has caused tons of controversy due to the belief that it had the ability to penetrate the skin, particularly through razor nicks, and make its way to the breast tissue located nearby. Aluminum also carries estrogen like qualities, also adding to the fear that it can influence cancerous breast tissue growth.
The national cancer institute refutes these claims, many of the studies that supposedly showed connections between deodorant use and cancer were not conclusive… and several times not even taking into consideration familial history of cancer amongst women whom were studied. Furthermore, there have been studies strongly showing the opposite, that deodorant use shows no link whatsoever with cancer. In short, smear on that deodorant, it is safe to use!